Conflicting Smoke Signals

Recently, the US Attorney General, Jeff Session declared that he and his DoJ would reverse course on the doctrine set forth under Obama and Holder and restart enforcement of federal drug laws as they pertain to marijuana. This, frankly, leaves me feeling ambivalent since one could say that I’m getting conflicting smoke signals… and neither of them have anything directly to do with either medical or recreational use of cannabis.

To me this is an example of federal overreach resulting in the Constitution being in conflict with itself at this time. I find that the entirety of the federal drug laws, except those that cover importation, exportation, or interstate trafficking, to be violations of the 10th Amendment of the US Constitution. However, the Take Care Clause (Section 3, Clause 5) of Article II of the Constitution requires that the Executive shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. In other words, the Constitution requires the Executive branch to enforce the laws set forth by the Legislative branch unless and until the Judicial branch declares said laws to be null and void.

That conflict is what’s making me ambivalent about this whole thing, not my personal opinions of either medical or recreational use of marijuana.

Related Reading:

Law 101: Everything You Need to Know About American Law, Fifth Edition
Bill of Rights: with Writings that Formed Its Foundation (Little Books of Wisdom)
America: A Narrative History (Tenth Edition)  (Vol. 2)
The Tenth Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers (Amendments to the United States Constitution: the Bill of Rights)
Unequal under Law: Race in the War on Drugs

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Adieu Et Bon Débarras

Adieu Et Bon Débarras, Paris!

Adieu Et Bon Débarras, Paris!

Goodby and good riddance, Paris – specifically the The Paris Agreement which was brokered in France during the COP 21 talks. All the signs are present that President Trump will remove America from this Climate Change Agreement. Once again proving he’s a political outsider, strongly looks as if Trump will keep yet another campaign promise.

I’m happy with this and our domestic enemies are livid over it – weeping, wailing, gnashing their teeth, and promising retribution. I will, however give these Liberals and Progressives a small measure of credit this time. This isn’t just another episode of their derangement. President Trump pulling America out of Paris Agreement is apocalyptic for their hopes and dreams of a “greener,” weaker America.

And yes! I’m big enough to admit that I’m petty and mean enough so that a significant part of my happiness with leaving the Paris Agreement is that the Left is so butt-hurt over doing so.

Here, however, is one important point, though not the key point for me: This Paris Agreement isn’t actually that horrific from my point of view. It is and was largely meaningless and without any provisions – or even delusions thereof – of any of its various articles being actually binding or enforceable upon the the 196 signatories. In this it is a lot like NATO.

Is It A Treaty Or Not?

No. My primary reason for being happy about leaving the Paris Agreement is that it really wasn’t legally enacted in the first place or, at least, it was easily arguable that it wasn’t. This is because it’s a treaty or, at least it certainly seems to meet the legal requirement for being one, and Obama just signed it as if he were king without ever sending it to the Senate for ratification, which is constitutionally required. So, if it is a treaty, it is not one that America ever entered into and President Trump would just be correcting an illegal act by Obama.

Then again, some legal experts argue that the Paris Agreement isn’t a treaty, despite it easily meeting the prima facie standard of such under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, which states “an international agreement concluded between States in written form and governed by international law” (VCLT art. 2.1(a)) is a treaty. It was, after all, specially and specifically crafted to not be a treaty so that it didn’t need to undergo the required scrutiny by the various states that such things entail. In other words, it was written in a manner that Obama could sign it unilaterally under the auspices of the UNFCCC, instead of sending to the Senate for approval. So it could be argued that this was just an Executive Agreement under the law.

If the latter is held to be true, this is ironic in the extreme since Obama’s signing the Paris Agreement violated the 1992 Executive Agreement with the Senate to submit for their review and ratification any future agreements which contained “targets and timetables” for emissions reductions by the US.

So, there it is. Either it’s a treaty; in which case, it’s null and void due to its unconstitutional and illegal enactment; or it’s simply an Executive Agreement by Obama; in which case, it ceased being binding on January 20th, 2017 and President Trump is well and completely within his rights to either formally rescind our nation’s participation or simply ignore it in whole or in part and to do so for any or no reason whatsoever.

Either way, President Trump would be doing the right thing in my opinion. Whether it was executive overreach on Obama’s part or his simply violating the agreement under which the Senate ratified the UNFCCC in the first place, putting an end to it would the right thing.

Related Reading:

Interim Report of The President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing
U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence (Set of 25 Pocket Booklets)
Prisoners of Geography: Ten Maps That Explain Everything About the World
The Tools of Argument: How the Best Lawyers Think, Argue, and Win
The Tyranny of Change: America in the Progressive Era, 1890-1920

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Bypass US Congress!

Laurent FabiusThe United Nations, the various global economic manipulators, the grifters and opportunists, and the true believers of the Warmists’ doomsday cult of AGW all have one existential problem in common – how to get their agenda past the stalwarts in the US Congress, who have repeatedly refused to support UN measures that would harm America’s economy and negatively impact American lives, livelihoods, and lifestyles.

It’s quite the problem for them since their movement is both predicated and dependent upon savaging America’s economy and industry.

France’s Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius – vastly unsurprisingly a Socialist – thinks he has the answer to their problem. He wants to just bypass the US Congress completely.

BONN, Germany (AP) — The global climate agreement being negotiated this year must be worded in such a way that it doesn’t require approval by the U.S. Congress, the French foreign minister said Monday.

Laurent Fabius told African delegates at U.N. climate talks in Bonn that “we know the politics in the U.S. Whether we like it or not, if it comes to the Congress, they will refuse.”

If negotiators follow his plan, that would exclude an international treaty that has legally-binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions – something some countries still insist on but which would have no chance of being ratified by the Republican-controlled Congress.

“We must find a formula which is valuable for everybody and valuable for the U.S. without going to the Congress,” said Fabius, who will host the U.N. climate summit in Paris in December where the new agreement is supposed to be adopted.

In many ways my thoughts on Fabius’ idea is for them to go for it. Without a treaty there is no binding agreement and their only hope for America’s compliance would be for a POTUS who both places an international agenda over American interests and has little to know respect for the Separation of Powers demanded by the Constitution.

True, they have that now in the person of Obama, but the UN’s Climate Summit isn’t until December and the boy will only be in office for a little over a year beyond that. Hence, unless America elects another to that office who doesn’t places an international agenda over American interests and has little to know respect for the Separation of Powers demanded by the Constitution, whatever the UN wants in the absence of a ratified treaty will be moot.

Je vous remercie, Monsieur Fabius. J’aime votre idée.

Related Reading:

Introduction to Geopolitics
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Rescue 911: Extraordinary Stories
CO2 Laser Cutting

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